You’ve heard it before and for good reason.
For most sports as an example: soccer, footy and hockey the ability to start explosively from various positions is critical for success.
Once the individual starts a sprint they must accelerate as quickly as possible for a short duration.
Learning and training how to start acceleration effectively in the most efficient way possible can be the difference between victory and defeat.
To get to best possible result from any speed program athletes should focus on the following areas:
· Ability to accelerate
· Speed endurance
· Maximal velocity
Each of these components of speed is different and needs to be addressed during programming.
In most sports, the athletes ability to overcome inertia fast while still or near still to max or near max speed to vital to their success, the is generally in reaction to a stimulus.
The term max velocity refers to the top speed that an athlete reaches during a bout of sprinting.
Usually an athlete reaches max velocity around the 20-25m mark and then attempts to maintain the speed for the duration of the bout.
When deciding the focus of a program the coach needs to look at a needs analysis of the sport to examine what is required.
For example an AFL footy player has different speed requirements that of an ice hockey player.
The term speed endurance refers to performing max or near max sprints repeatedly.
How efficient are they at doing that?
This comes down to a few factors, which include: strike frequency, stride length, strength, power, mobility flexibility and proper technique.
When training for speed there can be an overlap in addressing all three components, having a coach that can identify the differences can be a key contributor to success.